Coral Reefs in Hawaii: Everything You Should Know
Hawaii is world-famous for its beautiful coral reefs. These underwater ecosystems are home to a vast array of marine life and attract divers and snorkelers from all over the world. If you’re interested in learning more about Hawaii’s coral reefs, this blog post is for you! We’ll cover everything from the types of coral that can be found in Hawaii to the dangers that these reefs face. So read on to learn more about one of Hawaii’s most amazing natural wonders!
What exactly is coral?
Most people have seen coral before, even if they don’t know it. Those beautiful pink, orange, and yellow rocks in jewelry and art are actually made from the skeletons of tiny sea creatures called coral polyps.
Coral polyps are only about a quarter inch wide, but they live in massive colonies that can cover entire reefs. Coral reefs are home to 25% of all marine life, even though they only cover about 1% of the ocean floor.
Coral Is In Danger
Unfortunately, coral reefs are in danger due to climate change and pollution. When the water gets too warm, the coral polyps expel the algae that live inside their tissues. This process is called bleaching, and it turns the coral white. Bleached coral is more susceptible to disease, and it doesn’t provide as much food for other marine creatures. As a result, the loss of coral reefs could have a devastating impact on the marine ecosystem.
You can protect Hawaii’s beautiful coral reefs by using reef-safe sunscreen, and ensuring you don’t touch, move, break, or destroy any of the coral reefs you encounter.
Hawaii Is Home To 85% Of American Coral Reefs
Hawaii holds the most mass of coral than anywhere in the United States, with over 85% of them resting in the Northwest Hawaiian Islands.
These reefs are a part of one of the world’s largest conservation efforts. They are threatened by tourism and industrial processes globally that hurt the health of these delicate ecosystems.
Types of Coral Reefs in Hawaii
There are a few distinct types of reefs, that relate to how they formed and where they are.
Atoll reefs are among the most fascinating geological formations in the world. These ring-shaped reefs are created when a volcanic island subsides into the ocean, leaving only the coral reef that surrounded it behind. Over time, the reef continues to grow upward, keeping pace with the rising sea level.
As a result, atolls typically have very deep lagoons in their center, surrounded by a ring of coral reefs. While atolls can be found in any tropical ocean, they are most commonly associated with the Maldives and the Polynesian islands. These gorgeous reef systems provide important habitats for a wide variety of marine life and are popular destinations for snorkeling and diving.
An example of an Atoll Reef in Hawaii is the French Frigate Shoals and Kure Atolls, which are located in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
They are generally found near shore, and as their name suggests, they occur at the edge of a landmass or an island. Fringing reefs are formed when corals grow on the edge of a continent or an island, and they can eventually become so large that they form a barrier between the land and the open ocean.
Fringing reefs are typically composed of many different species of coral, and they provide a rich habitat for a variety of marine life. In addition to corals, fringing reefs are also home to fish, mollusks, crustaceans, and numerous other types of marine animals.
Usually, barrier reefs are found near the coasts of continents. As the continents move around on the earth’s surface, they sometimes come into contact with other land masses. When this happens, the force of the collision can cause part of the continent to break off and sink into the ocean.
Over time, coral and other marine life will begin to grow on the sunken landmass. As the reef grows larger, it will eventually break through the surface of the water, creating a barrier between the open ocean and the coastline. In this way, barrier reefs provide an important line of defense against storms and waves for coastal communities.
Interesting Reef Animals
Hawaii’s coral reefs are home to some truly interesting and fun wildlife. No matter where you decide to go explore, the odds are high that you’ll see some amazing animals. It’s impossible to go over every creature hanging out in Hawaii’s coral reefs, but these are some of the most recognizable and unique.
Hawaiian Green Sea Turtle
The Hawaiian green sea turtle is a beautiful creature that inhabits the waters around the Hawaiian Islands. Also known as the honu, these turtles are an important part of Hawaiian culture and are revered by many as a symbol of good luck. Green sea turtles are herbivores, feeding on seaweed and seagrasses. They are also one of the largest species of turtle, with adults reaching lengths of up to five feet and weights of over 300 pounds.
Sadly, green sea turtles are endangered, due in part to the loss of their habitat and the prevalence of plastic pollution in the ocean. However, there are many organizations working to protect these turtles, and with our help, they will be able to thrive for years to come.
Sea urchins are a type of marine invertebrate that is found in all the world’s oceans. These spiny little creatures are a popular food item in many cultures, and in Hawaii, they are known as ‘uni.’ Uni is typically served raw, and its delicate flavor has been described as a cross between melon and cucumber.
While uni is often eaten on its own, it can also be used as an ingredient in sushi rolls or other seafood dishes. In addition to being delicious, sea urchins are also an important part of the marine ecosystem. These animals help to maintain kelp forest health by grazing on algae and preventing it from growing out of control. As a result, they play a vital role in keeping the reefs vibrant and productive.
Reef Manta Ray
The reef manta ray is one of the largest species of ray, with a wingspan of up to 29 feet. These gentle giants are often seen swimming in the waters around Hawaii, where they come to feed on plankton and small fish. Reef manta rays are gray or black in color, with a white belly. They have a distinct “horn” on their head, which is used to funnel food into their mouths. reef manta rays are easily identified by their large size and unique shape. These amazing creatures are a popular sight for tourists and locals alike and are an important part of the Hawaiian ecosystem.
Rainbow Butterfly Fish (Lau Hau)
The Rainbow Butterfly fish is one of the most beautiful creatures in Hawaii. But there’s more to the rainbow butterfly fish than meets the eye. In addition to being a stunning sight, the rainbow butterfly fish is also an important part of the Hawaiian ecosystem. These brightly colored fish help to control the population of coral-eating algae, keeping the reefs healthy and vibrant. In turn, the reefs provide a home for countless other species of fish, making the rainbow butterfly fish an essential part of the Hawaiian food chain.
Banner Fish (Kihi Kihi)
The Banner fish is a common sight in Hawaii, where it is often seen swimming in the shallows near the shore. This brightly-colored fish gets its name from the long, flowing fins that extend from its body. The Banner fish is a popular choice for aquariums, as it is relatively easy to care for and can add a splash of color to any tank. In the wild, banner fish typically live in pairs or small groups. They are scavengers, feeding on detritus and small invertebrates. Banner fish are not considered threatened or endangered, but they are protected by Hawaiian law. As a result, it is illegal to collect or remove banner fish from their natural habitat.
Basic Reef Snorkeling Safety Tips
- Swim with a buddy
- Stay aware of the surf and waves
- Check the condition before going out
- Try not to stand on coral to avoid breaking it or hurting yourself
- Do not disturb the animals
Enjoy Hawaii’s Coral Reefs with Kauai Sea Tours
Kauai Sea Tours offers the perfect way to enjoy Hawaii’s amazing coral reefs – through snorkeling! Snorkeling is a great way to get up close and personal with the fascinating underwater world, and with Kauai Sea Tours, you can explore some of the best reefs in Hawaii.
Kauai Sea Tours offers both half-day and full-day tours, so you can choose how long you want to spend exploring the reefs. And with experienced guides, you can be sure that you’ll see some amazing marine life. So if you’re looking for an unforgettable experience, book a tour with Kauai Sea Tours today!